In the field of commercial photography, be it in motion or static, every category presents a challenge of its own. With jewelry photography, an object of highly reflective surface (HRS), the challenge is amplified due to its relatively small size captured mostly in close-up environment with shallow depth of field, surface complexity (specular), and limited ways of lighting due to space restriction between the lens and the object. Jewelry photography demands knowledge and experience to overcome the compounded difficulty of controlling reflections and limited depth-of-field (perceived sharpness) in close-up jewelry photography.

In addition to the problems mentioned above, the success of reproducing and obtaining a high quality digital image of jewelry will depend on the equipment used in the reproduction process. There are basically three types of camera systems one can employ:

a. Digital SLRs like Canon, Nikon, Olympus, Sigma with good sensor resolution (6-14 MP)

b. Medium format cameras like Hassleblad, Rollei or Mamiya with a larger sensor digital back (11-39 MP)

c. Large format view cameras like Sinar or Toyo with live video studio solution (11-39 MP)

The purpose of this article is to discuss some of the principal challenges posed by the complexities of reflective surface reproduction, particularly in digital close-up photography. Below I will present some solution to these challenges from the lessons learned and experienced in my daily practice and from my own research as to what is the best, fastest, and simplest solution to an otherwise complex assignment of jewelry photography.

Jewelry surface (HRS)
The most difficult task of all HRS digital captures is jewelry. In essence all jewelry objects are built with reflective qualities of various degrees and can be compared to mirrors. Mirrors are objects with good specular or diffused reflection; that is, image forming qualities. Imagine pointing your lens towards a mirror at a close distance. What will you see? Exactly, yourself holding a camera and your surrounding area. Jewelry objects in essence embody three kinds of mirrors: flat, convex and concave determined at random by the jewelrys very shape. Curved mirrors magnify or shrink images therefore distort the reflected image. Most jewelry objects typify spherical mirrors structured in an interesting relationship of concave and convex surfaces.

Solutions:
Understanding the basic reflective properties of mirrors can be helpful in solving some basic problems related to jewelry photography because of their common reflective properties.

a. Jewelry reflection has no physical existence. Conceal the camera or choose a shooting angle for the jewelry to reflect a controlled surface such as a white board or soft box.

b. The location of the camera/lens matters in terms of how and what will the jewelry reflect. Use longer lenses to extend the working space between object and lens.

c. When light strikes the jewelry surface the angle of reflection equals the angle of in incidence. Place your light source indirectly to the angle of reflectance.

d. The reflection on the jewelry is half the size of the reflected image – the jewelry is always halfway between the reflected image and the reflection. Creating and placing the jewelry inside a large soft tent enables the application of various light sources to minimize and control unwanted reflections.

e. If the jewelry surface is flat and perfectly shiny, specular reflection will result. If the surface is rough, diffused or distorted reflection will result (bending) Place the jewelry in a light zone of several loosely arranged large white panels, and by modifying their position relevant to the object will enable the control of light source there by controlling unwanted reflection.

Overall Sharpness:
A narrow depth-of-field (DOF) can create spectacular effects when photographing insects, flowers, etc., but in jewelry photography if the entire image does not appear in full focus, the image becomes an unusable one. Unusable in the sense that some parts of a ring or bracelet needed to provide useful data for the purpose of presentation will be unacceptably less sharp than other parts. For example, the front part of a bracelet (focal plane of the lens) is in sharp focus; but as we move towards the back region the loss of sharpness becomes unacceptable (blurred). DOF and image sharpness changes with sensor size. Smaller digital sensors obtain maximum sharpness at wider apertures (f:8-f:11) while larger ones at (f:11-f:22). Capturing small objects like jewelry via close-up photography presents a problem since only a very narrow portion of the object relative to the focal plane will be acceptably in focus. One way to extend depth of field would be to take images using a narrow lens aperture. This solution has a serious disadvantage. Small apertures bring more light diffraction, degrading the image resolution. This is one reason why many consumer digital cameras (with very small sensors) won’t let you stop down past f:8, while studio solution sensors are often stopped down to f:32 and beyond.

Solution:
The application of double exposure solution or photo stitching in jewelry photography partially solves the limitations of shallow depth-of-field. The technique known as “focus stacking” is another. Using double exposure when limited depth-of-field is available is a powerful technique to help photograph and present jewelry.

Depth-of-field determines what part of the jewelry has the sharpest focus and its amount. Unfortunately, at larger apertures depth of field limits attention to a particular focal points i.e. the top of a ring, while minimizing details at the shank. A greater depth-of-field would presents all the elements of a ring sharp at once, relatively equally. Depth-of-field is determined by the following: lens aperture (-stop), lens focal length and your distance from the focal point. In jewelry photography, of these three the aperture has the most influence and the least modifiable. Therefore to increase depth-of-field and achieve total sharpness over the entire image, move farther away from the jewelry by using a longer lens.

1. Capture two images, first focus slightly below the ring top, then a second focused lower at the center.

2. Bring both images into two separate layers in Photoshop to combine the two into one sharp image.

There are of course other solutions such as the Helicon Focus. This program is designed to manage the shallow depth-of-field problem in close-up imaging. It also aligns the images that change their size and position from shot to shot. This function is especially important with closeup jewelry photography.

However, the most pragmatic answer to the depth-of-field challenge is the large format studio camera. These cameras such as Arca Swiss, Linhof, Sinar, Fuji, Calumet or Toyo have expandable bellows, tilt and swing capabilities, and are allowing the capture of high-quality images with extended depth-of-field beyond the optical limitations of the lens.

Many of us are captured by music, so much so that music has become an important part of our lives. At some point in our lives, many of us want to learn to play a musical instrument. We may thing that taking violin lessons or guitar lessons is fun. Or we may fantasize that we can turn professional and perform on stage. Well, learning to play a music instrument like the ukulele, saxophone, guitar or violin may turn out to be more than a hobby as many people have gone on to teach once they have mastered the instrument.

It does not matter if your child is looking to learn a music instrument, or if you are trying to pick up the skills of playing violin or playing guitar at middle age. In this article, I will outline four music instruments which are relatively easy to learn at any age:

1.Ukulele

The ukulele is probably one of the easiest music instrument to play. Unlike the guitar, it has only four strings. The size of the ukulele is also portable, the smallest being the Soprano Ukulele followed by the concert and tenor ukulele. Even a child as young as four years old can take ukulele lessons and learn to play the ukulele by strumming simple chords.

2.Guitar

The guitar is currently one of the most popular music instruments around. Many young children and teenagers aspire to play the guitar at some point in time. The guitar is also relatively cheap, and you can opt to learn the acoustic guitar or the classical guitar as a start. Most teenagers nowadays prefer to learn the acoustic guitar to play pop songs. As with the ukulele, you will need to master how to strum chords for the guitar.

You also have the option to learn to play the electric guitar. However the electric guitar costs more than the acoustic or the classical guitar so if you are on a budget I suggest you start off learning the acoustic and classical guitar.

3.Violin

The violin is as popular as the guitar and can be learnt at any age. Violins come in many sizes, starting with 1/16 size for three year olds, to 1/8 size, size, half size, size and full size. The most important step in learning the violin, no matter what age, is to master the proper bowing and fingering techniques.

4.Piano

The piano can be learnt from age five onwards. The most important aspect in learning the piano is to practice constantly and master the playing techniques.

The idea of learning to a lot of us as the years accrue is linked to school or university. Learning when we get on with our life isn’t something we all perform naturally. With digital photography you need to learn or get left behind. If you are going to improve the caliber of your own images you have to continuously learn and continue learning all about photography.

In conjunction with the desire to educate yourself will be enthusiasm. You’ll need lots of it to be a photographer as with something in life. There is always an opportunity to create the perfect image yet getting you to where your feet are standing on an ideal vantage position is the big difference. Passion delivers you to that point at 5am and enables you to shoot the magnificent sunset or sit down through the heat of the day in order to photograph the particular elusive endangered animal. l.

It is this wish or enthusiasm that will motivate you to master those techniques that you would otherwise not be bothered with. Here are a few secrets to learning or improving on your digital photography.

You will need to feed your passion. How do you help to make anything grow? By feeding it, a simple but really neglected concept in digital photography. Let me simplify it a lot more. If you like parrots then spend time where parrots are, buy birding publications, join a bird watching club which has a powerful focus on digital photography. Whenever you rub shoulders with keen people and spend some time concentrating on your passion, it develops.

I really like galleries, particularly wild animals as well as mother nature and after an hour browsing over the photos, I want to take my digital camera and photograph. Just how will feeding your enthusiasm help you study? It will get you out snapping a lot more pictures and thereby practising more and interacting with those who are motivating and much more skilled. Therefore the main point here is your mastering curve shoots right up.

Begin to assess, compare and also improve on the pictures you’re taking. You’ll never educate yourself if you don’t look at your images and assess them against a set of requirements. The primary training method in my most recent guide is analyzing your pictures. In this way you will see just where the quality problems and technical problems lie and correct them. You must have a coach, a book or course to comprehend what these types of requirements are.

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Israel has always been in news for wars but this time it is a blond girl that has put this country on the world spectrum with her music. Pop singer Hayla is the pride of Israel and this is apparent from her headlining some of the country’s early Gay Pride Festivals, maximum TV appearances and most selling music records. She has been writing since her teen age and has inherited music from her family. Though she worked for a brief period in the Israeli army but that can’t deter her devotion towards music, humanity and world peace. She has toured the world several times and this time her music is going to take the US by storm.

Pop singer Hayla will be releasing Hayls Fusion in the US and the music aficionados there are waiting to the girl from Middle East singing and dancing on the US soil. The world has witnessed the courage of Israeli people and now they will see how a diminutive Israeli singer ruling the world of music with her words and steps. Many will awe to know that Hayla writes her song and she has been writing songs when she was just 15. It is quite impossible for a school going teenage girl to write and compose melodious music for the world viewers but Hayla has music in her blood.

Her fans call pop singer Hayla, the Queen of Fast Rapping and she deserves this name. Hayla has her own musical genre and she unveiled the talent she has inherited before the world when she was chosen from among a thousand singers to accompany the James Horner of Titanic fame. She has also toured the world as a singer-musician with Israeli-based Jewish Symphony. Hayla remembered her days as an Israeli soldier and the discipline she followed in the army. She maintains the discipline when dancing and for this reason critics find no fault in her rapping.

Pop singer Hayla proudly says that her music carries a massage of happiness and love for the world community that is always finding fault at each other. She is targeting the gay market and she is quite certain that this community will like her music. Hayla has a large following spread across the globe and her fans love to see her dancing on own songs. Her fans feel refreshed and stress free after listening to the music of their favorite singer and dancer.

Annie Lucetta name has been a very famous Israeli pop star who featured in many widely used albums. The author is a big fan of Hayla- today’s most renowned fusion artist- and tries to write on every album/event presented by Hayla.for more information Visit and Pop singer Hayla & Singer Hayla Fusion

What are the most excellent home cinema systems currently on the marketplace? The problem along with this question was that it’s only still relative to that time of writing this article. Hence we need to discover a better question prior to we answer. What’s the most excellent home theatre system intended for me based upon my requirements? Now it would be lots better and something that we can not just answer but provide you some guidelines in the way to select the home cinema systems that’s most excellent for you, hence here we could go. There are sure criteria you’d need to keep at mind while determining which scheme is most excellent for you and those will consists of the following: * What’s your available budget? * What’s the type and size of room you’ve to work with? * were aesthetics an issue at the room? * The kind of movies you’d like to watch? Hence, let’s look at those criteria one after one to discover the most excellent home cinema systems for you. What’s your available budget? I forever feel this must be one among the first questions you’d ask yourself while looking for the finest home cinema systems for you. It’s completely ok to have the range in mind than an exact outline but try & avoid going out along with no idea since you are then leaving to be prone for buying on impulse as well as making decisions based upon what you see such day than what you’ve already planned. What you’re going to discover is that there were certain cut off point for different kinds of home cinema system based upon the price range as well as in general you’re probably going for being able to categorize it into only about five categories which I recommend below: * Below 1k Euro * 1k – 3k Euro * 3k – 5k * 5k – 10k Euro * 10k + Euro Yes, there were lots of systems more than 10k and that price can literally leave up as higher as you imagine still after 10k you’d really start getting to an exponential curves where a lot extra money only get you a small quantity of improvement. Hence try and keep a single of these 5 price ranges at mind while you go out for looking for the most excellent home cinema system intended for you.

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Are you looking for something that will reduce your stress?
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Do you want to say good bye to all your worries and relax your mind?

Have you heard about instrumental and its benefits for soothing your mind?

Well, the science of mediation is one of the most enlightened ways of Veda’s. Meditation has been used from ancient times in the treatment of various health conditions like relieving high blood pressure, reducing chronic pain and stress level, sharpening the mind, etc. it is also beneficial to address several respiratory conditions.

Yoga music helps in overall well being as well as mental and physical health. The meditation music therapy is supposed to work on different chakras, which are connected with different organs. In our day-to-day life, we find that not all the seven chakras are active all the time. Lack of energy power is the simple reason behind this. The meditation and yoga music activate the chakras and provides energy for them. Thus, this music provides your body with energy required for mental and physical balance. It enlightens the brain and activates all the nerves in the brain.

Instrumental music is a musical composition or recording without lyrics or singing. There are different types of meditation music that directly influence our energy systems. Yoga music helps you through a powerful process of self-realization. It is beneficial for the individual to achieve a greater sense of overall well being while enabling them to become more confident.

Yoga Music has different categories like Kundalini yoga music, Sanskrit mantras, high-energy grooves, instrumental yoga music etc. It is a union to support the body, mind and spirit. The most common and simplest form of meditation can be accomplished with Yoga Music. You need to sit quietly. Now concentrate totally on your breathing system. With ambient music, you can pay attention on Atmosphere, Posture, Attitude and Elements. Ambient music is subtle instrumental often used as background music. It concentrates more on sound than melodic form. Ambient nature sounds have the ability to reduce stress, aid sleep, and provide a soothing atmosphere for activities such as meditation, yoga and tai-chi.

Ambient music and instrumental therapy can be used in many settings. Many people use this music to help them relax deeply and fall asleep. It is used mostly during yoga class or a massage session. This music is beneficial for meditation and deep breathing exercises. Mediation and yoga music plays an important role in our day-to-day life. Through experimentation, one can find out the impacts of sounds he or she has on your emotions and moods. As environment and our life experiences are full of diversity, every individual reacts distinctly to the various natural sounds. Discover multiple benefits offered by soothing instrumental music tracks that can be downloaded at our site. Meditating music provides an opportunity to enjoy benefits of yoga music in easier, faster and effective way. Get ready to feel the difference with us now.

A business that is on the lookout for a great 3D Animation London studio is never disappointed. A city that is at the forefront of almost every avenue of business as well as other sections of life, London is one place where the best of the best can be found, and this is because this is one world city where only the best of the best can survive! When experts say that in London, one can find the best brains and hands in the business, it is only because they are aware of all the skills and technical expertise that are required to make it in London. Let alone making it big, even survival here is reserved only for the best 3D Animation pros!

Studios handling 3D Animation London make for among the best choice for various reasons. The first among these is the location of the studios themselves! The city of London and each and every enterprise associated with it have a reputation to uphold, a reputation that matches up to the standards that the various businesses in the city have managed to uphold all along. A world city such as this one is always welcoming new changes that it filters and adopts when required. Similarly, the city also inspires changes in many avenues and has been known to even radically change a few factors when required. The world of 3D animation is one such business where the studios in London have done their best and have even drawn inspiration as well as shared their own inspiration with others.

Though the online world makes it easy for physical boundaries to vanish, the fact remains that some cities and the business associated with them will always be a favorite. Even businesses from small towns and cities want their 3D animation projects to be handled by studios in bigger cities because it is well understood that these are the studios that have complete access to the right personnel, the right technologies, and even the right infrastructure. Companies that handle 3D Animation London projects have a vast amount of experience in the field as well as related technologies and have been known to follow the latest trends in the both the creative as well as technical aspects. 3D animation is after all not only a methodological and technical process but also involves an equal measure of creativity. The right balance of both is required to complete a project, and firms offering 3D Animation London surely have what it takes.

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